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 BRAZIL

     
Brazilian literature is the literature written in the Portuguese language by Brazilians or in Brazil, including jobs composed before the country's freedom in 1822. Throughout its early years, literary works from Brazil adhered to the literary trends of Portugal, whereas gradually shifting to a different as well as authentic creating design in the course of the 19th as well as 20th centuries, in the look for really Brazilian themes as well as use the Portuguese language.

Portuguese is a Romance language and the single official language of Brazil. Lyrically, the poet Olavo Bilac, named it" (...) desconhecida e obscura./ Tuba de alto clangor, lira singela,/ Que 10s o trom e o silvo da procela,/ E o arrolo da saudade e da ternura! ", [1] which approximately translates as "( ...) unidentified and odd,/ Tuba of high blare, fragile lyre,/ That holds the frill and the hiss of the tempest/ As well as the singing of the saudade as well as of the inflammation!"

Brazil's most substantial literary award is the Camões Reward, which it shows to the entire Portuguese sprachraum. Since 2016, Brazil has eleven recipients of the prize. [2] Brazil additionally holds its own literary academy, the Brazilian Academy of Letters, a charitable social organization pointed in bolstering the care of the nationwide language and literary works. [3]
Brazilian literature has been extremely prolific. Having as birth the letter of Pero Vaz de Caminha, the paper that marks the exploration of Brazil, the nation's literature has included numerous substantial authors. Significant numbers consist of novelists Machado de Assis, Guimarães Rosa, Jorge Amado and also Graciliano Ramos; poets such as Mario de Andrade, Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Vinicius de Moraes, Ferreira Gullar and also João Cabral de Melo Neto; dramatists like Nelson Rodrigues and Augusto Boal, and literary critics and also philosophers as Antonio Candido as well as Otto Maria Carpeaux, to name a few.

Colonial Duration



One of the first extant papers that might be thought about Brazilian literature is the Carta de Pero Vaz de Caminha (Pero Vaz de Caminha's letter). It is created by Pero Vaz de Caminha to Manuel I of Portugal, which contains a description of exactly what Brazil looked like in 1500. Journals of voyagers as well as detailed writings on "Portuguese America" controlled the literary production for the next two centuries, consisting of well-known accounts by Jean de Léry and Hans Staden, whose story of his encounter with the Tupi Indians on the coast of São Paulo was astonishingly prominent for European fertilizations of the New World.

A few more explicitly literary instances survive from this duration, such as Basílio da Gama's epic poem celebrating the conquest of the Missions by the Portuguese, as well as the job of Gregório de Matos, a 17th-century lawyer from Salvador that created a substantial amount of satirical, spiritual, as well as nonreligious verse. Matos attracted greatly from Baroque impacts such as the Spanish poets Luis de Góngora and Francisco de Quevedo.

Neoclassicism prevailed in Brazil throughout the mid-18th century, complying with the Italian design. Literary works was usually produced by members of momentary or semi-permanent academies and a lot of the material was in the pastoral genre. One of the most crucial literary centre in colonial Brazil was the prosperous Minas Gerais region, recognized for its golden goose, where a growing proto-nationalist movement had actually begun. One of the most important poets were Cláudio Manuel da Costa, Tomás António Gonzaga, Alvarenga Peixoto and also Manuel Inácio da Silva Alvarenga, all them associated with an uprising against the colonial power. Gonzaga as well as Costa were banished to Africa consequently.
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